The PEN Ten is PEN America’s weekly interview series. This week we speak to Kamilah Aisha Moon, whose poetry collection, Starshine & Clay, was released this fall from Four Way Books. 

1. How does your identity shape your writing? Is there such a thing as “the writer’s identity”?
There was a slow-dawning recognition that allowed me to accept the mantle of “writer,” understanding that it is a role and responsibility that is assumed in a long chain of many others that came before and will come after. As an educator, I love witnessing this awakening and claiming in others. A consistent trait I’ve noticed among the writers that I know: They have been keen, highly sensitive observers since they were very young, spellbound by language and how it works.

2. In an era of “alternative facts” and “fake news,” how does your writing navigate truth? And what is the relationship between truth and fiction?
Writing, regardless of genre, moves and changes us when it strikes universal chords of truth. Generally, inauthenticity is discordant, rings hollow. Facts seem immutable, but they are used to construct reality and serve experience, which varies so widely and seems inextricably tied to what one believes. Belief is a state of mind, subject to any mind’s quirks and frailties. To the best of my ability, I try to stay in my “right” mind, consult my inner compass, and honor what is indisputable.

3. Writers are often influenced by the words of others, building up from the foundations others have laid. Where is the line between inspiration and appropriation?
We’re in perpetual conversation with each other across space and time. When you synthesize incredible writing and respond through your unique lens, body—the specific geographies literal and spiritual that you’ve traveled, that’s inspiration. Particularly when there is a deep reverence and attribution of a source or lineage. Allusion, sampling, and collaging often lead to innovation.

A group of writers recently collaborated on a flash fiction piece that was inspired by a poem I wrote. Each of the 10 writers were assigned a line from my poem, and wrote a 100-word fiction that begins with the assigned line. They wrote subjectively to my words as a prompt. The result was a 1,000-word episodic story that is respectful of and energized by my words.

I was stunned by where each writer leaped, by how their voices “danced” with mine. It is an entirely new work that has traces of my poem’s DNA. I feel so honored that they deemed my poem worthy to engage in this way.

4. “Resistance” is a long-employed term that has come to mean anything from resisting tyranny, to resisting societal norms, to resisting negative urges and bad habits, and so much more. It there anything you are resisting right now? Is your writing involved in that act of resistance?
As a person who doesn’t fit into many social categorizations neatly, not only do I resist limited norms and expectations, I’m also resisting my internalization of them in order to see myself clearly and lovingly. Layers, whew!

Like countless others, I’ve pondered and at times pined for a life not characterized by dissent while living the truth that Lorde wrote: “If I didn’t define myself for myself, I would be crunched into other people’s fantasies for me and eaten alive.” So in life and art, I aim to build a healthy immunity, don my armor as necessary. And as an 11-year-old writer in one of my youth workshops wrote in an ode to her fingers, “you hold my pen / my writing sword!”

5. What do you consider to be the biggest threat to free expression today? Have there been times when your right to free expression has been challenged?
This devastating wave of fascism in all of its forms sweeping the planet. I know this is just the most recent incarnation of what has always existed, but it feels more virulent than ever—here in America, pretenses are dropping completely and we’re experiencing the fast erosion of this right. Net neutrality, et al . . . we are being challenged right now.

6. What’s the most daring thing you’ve ever put into words?
Instances when I’ve called myself out on my stuff unadorned have come close to the most daring thing, which I’m still approaching.

7. Have you ever written something you wish you could take back? What was your course of action?
No.

8. Post, stalk, or shun: What is your relationship to social media as a writer?
Some posting, some stalking, a growing desire to shun while also appreciating the positive aspects of virtual connection. It is a deeply fraught relationship. I’ve exchanged wisdom and fellowship with writers I might have never met otherwise. We celebrate, mourn, and lament together through this medium, but it also steals time away from our own thoughts and separates us from the people around us when we’re in those silos.

9. In an interview with Waxwing, you said that poems “often serve as cultural artifacts of an era, and poets can function as emotional historians.” In looking at today’s world, are there past cultural artifacts you find yourself turning to in our present times? What about emotional historians?
Yes, so many. Poets who were creating furiously and fearlessly during periods of epochal change in the 20th century are resonating most lately. The ones who dared to shout and sing their stanzas in the direst, most uncertain hours. McKay, Hughes, Walker, Brooks, Ginsberg, Baraka, Rich, Lorde . . .

10. Finally, if you could require the current administration to read any book, what would it be?
The books that come to mind are so beyond the president’s reading level and emotional maturity . . . Baldwin stands out to me as one of the most poetic and prophetic. The Price of the Ticket, his collected nonfiction book that contains the essay “The Creative Process” written in 1962. It remains a masterpiece, its truth and logic key to our collective salvation.