Editor of El Diario Co Latino, hailed by The New York Times as El Salvador’s “only independent newspaper,” Francisco Valencia continued to publish despite threats to the staff and a firebomb attack on his office in February 1991 in which most of the paper’s equipment was destroyed. The PEN/Barbara Goldsmith Freedom to Write Award, which Valencia received in 1991, helped to finance the paper’s return to full operations. The perpetrators of the firebomb attack were never apprehended.

CASE HISTORY

As editor of El Diario Co Latino, Francisco Valencia wrote editorials critical of the U.S. military, and published cartoons and articles critical of El Salvador’s military and political leaders. As a result, he received repeated death threats, and was followed regularly by a car with darkened windows.

The paper’s offices were firebombed in February 1991, causing $275,000 worth of damage. Much of this was covered by labor unions in Sweden, Belgium, and the United States, who sent Valencia a combined sum of $100,000 out of solidarity. Despite a lack of evidence, the U.S. State Department accused a rebel coalition of firebombing the paper’s offices as part of a plot to blame and denigrate the government. No individual or group was ever brought to trial for the firebombing.

Valencia continues to face obstacles as part of his work. In January 2014 he was arrested for slandering a now retired police chief in 1996. Although he was released almost immediately, he was allegedly arrested again in 2014 because authorities failed to properly close the case in 1996. At the time of his 2014 arrest, Valencia was covering a corruption case against former president Francisco Flores.