PEN International is appalled by the lengthy sentences handed down to bloggers Nguyen Van Hai (aka Dieu Cay), Ta Phong Tan (f), and Phan Thanh Hai on September 24, 2012. The bloggers were sentenced to 12, 10, and four years in prison respectively for conducting “anti-state propaganda” in their critical articles and blogs.  PEN protests their detention in the strongest possible terms, and calls for their immediate and unconditional release, in accordance with the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, to which Vietnam is a signatory.

Background Information

According to PEN’s information, bloggers Nguyen Van Hai (aka Dieu Cay), Ta Phong Tan, and Phan Thanh Hai were charged in early April 2012 with "conducting propaganda against the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam" under Article 88 of the Criminal code for posting articles on the banned web site Free Journalists’ Club (Cau Lac Bo Nha Bao Tu Do), which they co-founded, and on their own blogs. Their trial was repeatedly postponed, and did not comply with international standards of fairness. All three have been held in pre-trial detention for at least a year in harsh conditions.

Nguyen Van Hai (aka Nguyen Hoang Hai/Dieu Cay), independent journalist and blogger, has been continuously detained since April 19, 2008, after being charged with alleged tax fraud and sentenced on September 10, 2008, to two and a half years' imprisonment. He is widely believed to be targeted for his criticism of government policy. He should have been released on October 20, 2010, on completion of this sentence; however, on October 18, 2010, he was transferred to a Public Security detention camp in Ho Chi Minh City on new charges based on his online writings for the Free Journalist Network in Viet Nam, published prior to his arrest in 2008. He has been held incommunicado, without access to family visits, letters or medical and food supplies since October 18, 2010. Concerns for his welfare are acute. Nguyen Van Hai is known for his critical Internet postings calling for greater democracy and human rights in Vietnam and his participation in protests against Chinese foreign policy.

Lawyer, independent journalist and blogger Phan Thanh Hai (aka Anh Ba Sai Gon), aged 43, was arrested on October 18, 2010, for posting "false information" on his blog, which is known for its social and news reports about Vietnam, including the country's territorial disputes with China and the controversial issue of bauxite mining. Prior to his arrest, Phan was frequently subjected to harassment and interrogation, and his blog was repeatedly hacked. Despite being a qualified lawyer, he has been denied permission to practice by the Ho Chi Minh Bar Association because of his blogging and activism.

Ta Phong Tan (f) (aka Cong Ly Va Tu Su), is a blogger for Conglysuthat (Justice & Truth), and former police officer. She was arrested on September 5, 2011. Ta is a popular blogger among dissidents in Vietnam; she has written articles about corruption, abuse of power, and confiscation of land, among other issues. Her articles have been published in many mainstream media outlets in Vietnam, including Tuoi Tre (Youth), Nguoi Lao Dong (Laborer), Vietnam Net, and the Vietnamese Service of the BBC. On July 30, 2012, her mother died after self-immolating outside government buildings following months of harassment from Public Security officials. For more on her story and the plight of over 20 writers currently detained in Vietnam, see an  excellent article in The Guardian by Kamila Shamsie of English PEN.

Write A Letter

  • Protesting the lengthy sentences handed down to bloggers Nguyen Van Hai, Phan Thanh Hai, and Ta Phong Tan in the strongest possible terms;
  • Expressing alarm at the number of writers and journalists currently detained in Vietnam for the peaceful expression of their views, and calling for their immediate and unconditional release in accordance with the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, to which Vietnam is a signatory.

Send Your Letter To

His Excellency Nguyen Minh Triet
President of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam
c/o Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Socialist Republic of Vietnam

Please note that there are no fax numbers available for the Vietnamese authorities, so you may wish to ask the diplomatic representative for Vietnam in your country to forward your appeals. It would also be advantageous to ask your country’s diplomatic representatives in Vietnam to intervene in the case.

Please send appeals immediately. Contact PEN if sending appeals after October 31, 2012: ftw [at]