Ragip Zarakolu, publisher and human rights activist, who has been subject to harassment, trials and periods of imprisonment since the 1970s, is expecting a verdict at his next trial hearing on June 10, 2010. On trial in Turkey since May 2009, Zarakolu faces a prison sentence of more than seven years for publishing the novel More Difficult Decisions than Death, written by N. Mehmet Güler. Both Zarakolu and Güler are accused under article 7/2 of the Anti Terror Law of “spreading propaganda” for the banned Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK). If Zarakolu is convicted on June 10, International PEN will consider Turkey to be in breach of its obligations under the International Convention on Civil and Political Rights and Article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights. PEN urges members and supporters to renew their calls for his acquittal.

Background Information

Ragip Zarakolu, aged 62, is a long-time Turkish publisher and human rights activist. He has been subjected to many years of harassment, trials and periods of imprisonment since the 1970s for publishing books on issues including minority and human rights. Zarakolu was among a large number of writers who were arrested after a military coup in 1971. He served three years in prison for his refusal to abandon his campaign for freedom of thought, striving for an "attitude of respect for different thoughts and cultures to become widespread in Turkey.” Since his writings were repeatedly banned in Turkey, Zarakolu began to turn his attention to abuses of human rights by governments in South America and elsewhere. For 20 years, between 1971 and 1991, Zarakolu was banned from traveling outside Turkey. He is featured as one of the 50 emblematic cases in International PEN’s Writers in Prison Committee’s 50th anniversary campaign Because Writers Speak Their Minds.
In 1977 Zarakolu and his wife, Ayse Nur, set up the Belge Publishing House. Since then, Zarakolu has put Turkish censorship laws to the test by translating and publishing controversial books from Armenian and Greek authors into the Turkish language. As a result, Zarakolu has been sentenced to imprisonment several times. Prior to the military coup of September 1980 Belge mostly published academic and theoretical books. After the coup, Belge started to publish a series of books written by political prisoners. Zarakolu's office was firebombed by an extremist rightist group in 1995, forcing it to be housed in a cellar. Zarakolu's staunch belief in freedom of expression, his vocal campaign against book banning, and his persistence in publishing works that violate Turkey’s repressive censorship laws have resulted in a catalog of indictments against him.
In May 2009 a court case was initiated against Zarakolu for publishing a novel by N. Mehmet Güler. The book, More Difficult Decisions Than Death led to charges under article 7/2 of the Anti-Terror Law for “spreading propaganda” for the banned Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK). Three fictional characters, “Siti,” “Sabri,” and “Siyar” are engaged with PKK activities. In one part of the book a PKK member on trial says: “This court has no right to judge me. I fight for freedom. I do not recognize this court.” The fictional judge’s response and following passages form part of the indictment. The prosecutor states that some parts of the novel evoke sympathy for the PKK in its readers. Güler responded that he believes that one way to tackle problems in Turkey is through literature, saying it is “the best way to deal with social trauma.” At a hearing on November 19, 2009, the prosecutor pointed out that no crime had been committed and called for the two to be released. However, at the next hearing, on March 25, 2010, another prosecutor expressed the opposite view—that the book does provide terrorist propaganda. This led Zarakolu to comment: “When the case was opened, there was a cold, strong wind blowing through the country. When our acquittal was suggested in November, the atmosphere was warm and soft. Today a harsh wind is blowing again. I think the atmosphere in this trial reflects that of the country.” The trial was adjourned until June 10, 2010, when the verdict may be announced.
Zarakolu founded Demokrat, a newspaper that was banned after the military coup in 1980, and was one of the 98 founders of the Human Rights Association in Turkey. For some time he chaired the Writers in Prison Committee of International PEN in Turkey and is the chairperson of the Freedom to Publish Committee of the Turkish Publishers Association. He is also a Honorary Member of nine PEN Centers.

International PEN urges that the court takes into consideration the fact that to convict Zarakolu and Güler as charged would be both a breach of Turkey’s obligations under Article 19 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and Article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights.

Write A Letter

  • Expressing concern about the continuing trial of Ragip Zarakolu;
  • Pointing out that if he were to be convicted, Turkey would be in violation of its obligations both under Article 19 of the International Convention on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and Article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights;
  • Expressing the hope that Ragip Zarakolu will be granted a full acquittal;
  • Urging the Turkish government to take this opportunity to reconsider how it handles cases of freedom of expression and to review all relevant laws with a view towards bringing them into accord with international human rights standards, in particular the ICCPR and European Convention on Human Rights, to which Turkey is a signatory.

Send Your Letter To

Mr Sadullah Ergin
Minister of Justice
06669 Kizilay
Fax: 00 90 312 419 3370

Please send a copy of your appeals to the diplomatic representative for Turkey in your country if possible.