Over the past year, the climate for free expression in Turkey—already under sustained threat—has dramatically deteriorated. Following an attempted coup in July 2016 against President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, the Turkish government declared a state of emergency. Alongside a purging of academics and teachers, dozens of journalists, writers, and activists have been arrested and more than 180 news outlets have been shut down by presidential decree. Turkey now jails the most journalists in the world, with more than 150 behind bars. PEN America’s advocacy in Turkey since the coup has centered on writers and journalists who are in detention or facing unjust charges, and those dealing with extended court cases, travel bans, or other restrictions on movement or expression.